Think of a sentence as the description of an event, an activity or a sitution. This is also known as a state of affairs. The predicate describes the basic state of afffairs and in Dutch the predicate always contains at least one verb. So a Dutch sentence typically consists of at least one verb. Simple imperatives are good examples of this: zit! (‘sit’; to a dog, for example). In a fuller sentence the predicate directly involves entities: people, animals or other living objects; inanimate concrete objects or abstract concepts. These are expressed by subject and object constituents. In addition to these three basic elements a state of affairs also has a context. For example, an event happens in a particular place and/or at a given time, for a particular reason or as a the result of something else. Such contextual information is described in adjuncts.
Constituents can be individual words (nouns, verbs, etc.), but also word groups and even whole clauses. Individual words and word classes are discussed in the course on words (parts of speech).
There are also several exercises on constituents, including six revision exercises.
Go to the Curriculum tab to start this course.
- Lectures 8
- Quizzes 0
- Duration 50 hours
- Skill level Beginner
- Language English
- Students 0
- Certificate No
- Assessments Yes