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The word er occurs a great deal in Dutch and being able to use it is a sign of real competence. Er is unstressed, you often hear just the sound /r/ or the schwa (the neutral vowel sound /ə/), and at times it is barely audible. At the beginning of a sentence is may sound like /dr/: Er is … → /dr is/.

Er always refers to something, i.e. it is an important cohesive device. Sometimes it is easy to translate it into English, but at other times it is not. Its meaning depends on the particular type of er that is used. The three different types of er that are discussed here are locative er, existential er and quantitative er. Er can also occur in fixed expressions and in pronominal adverbs.

There is also an exercise on er.

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Course Features

  • Lectures 3
  • Quizzes 0
  • Skill level Beginner
  • Language Dutch
  • Students 0
  • Certificate No
  • Assessments Yes
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