Pronoun Types 15
Personal pronouns refer to people or to objects.
Alan studeert in Rotterdam. Hij komt uit Engeland.
Alan studies in Rotterdam. He is from England.
Ik woon met twee andere studenten. Ik vind ze heel aardig.
I live with two other students. I like them very much.
In the first example hij refers to Alan. In the second example ze refers to twee andere studenten and Ik refers to whoever utters this sentence.
- This table lists the (formally) stressed forms. You can read more on the difference between stressed and unstressed in the lesson on stressed and unstressed pronouns.
- The second person is divided into formal and informal. The formal form is both singular and plural. You can read more on the use of the second-person pronouns in the course on politeness.
- You can read more on how third-person pronouns are used to refer to people, animals, objects, place names, etc. in the lesson on gender and pronouns.
- There are formally two third-person plural object pronouns: hen and hun. This is to distinguish between direct object and indirect object. The third person plural is the only personal pronoun to make this distinction. For all othe personal pronouns the object form is used for both direct and indirect object. In everyday spoken Dutch the distinction is hardly ever made. In this context it is also useful to refer to the lesson on stressed and unstressed pronouns.