Verbs according to function 4
Verbs according to meaning 7
Verbs according to form 3
Verbs according to conjugation 6
For purposes of conjugation Dutch verbs can be divided into regular and irregular verbs. Regular verbs follow a certain pattern in the way they are conjugated, whereas irregular verbs do not follow a pattern at all. The group of regular verbs is the largest, and this group can be divided further into weak verbs and strong verbs. The conjugation of a new verb (e.g. a verb borrowed from English) normally follows the rules of weak verbs.
Revision exercises: verbs 1
There is a small group of so-called copular verbs (or copulas). They only occur in sentences which describe a property of the subject (so-called nominal predicates), for example:
Nederland is een klein land.
The Netherlands is a small country.
Here Nederland is the subject of the sentence and een klein land describes a property of the subject (Nederland).
The group of copular verbs is very small. Apart from zijn, the two most common ones are worden (to become) and blijven (to stay):
Esther wordt dierenarts.
Esther is becoming a vet.
We blijven thuis.
We are staying at home.
The other, less common, copular verbs are:
- blijken (to appear)
- lijken (to seem)
- schijnen (to seem)
- heten (to be called)
- dunken (to be of an opinion)
- voorkomen (to seem; not that this is a separable verb: the stress is on the first syllable: vóórkomen; not to be confused with voorkómen (to prevent) which is not separable)
Het nieuws bleek nog aan bijna niemand bekend.
The news appeared to be known to hardly anybody yet.
Die hond lijkt heel agressief.
That dog seems very aggressive.
De nieuwe buren schijnen aardig.
The new neighbours seem nice.
Zij wil van nu af aan Marloes heten.
From now on, she wants to be called Marloes.
Zijn gezicht komt bekend voor.
His face seems familiar.
Dunken is an archaic word and is found in fixed expressions of the format: me dunkt dat … (it seems to me that …; cf. archaic English: Methinks … ).