Conjunctions link two clauses together.
There are two types of conjunctions:
If a conjunction joins two main clauses, it is a co-ordinating conjunction. Or, to argue the other way, if you use a co-ordinating conjunction, the sentence structure in both clauses is the same. The most common co-ordinating conjunctions are:
In these examples, the sentence structure in both main clauses is the same, which means that the finite verb is in second position and that the subject comes first.
Dus is an exception to this rule, as it is used both with and without inversion. In the sentence with inversion, it functions as an adverb.
Note that in writing, dus, maar and want tend to be preceded by a comma, but en and of do not.
A subordinating conjunction is used to introduce a subordinate clause.
It is very important that you are aware of subordinating conjunctions, because the sentence structure in a subordinate clause is different from that in a main clause. In a clause following a subordinating conjunction, the finite verb as well as all other verbs occur in the last or penultimate place. The most common subordinating conjunctions are:
|toen||when (in the past)|
In these examples, the sentence structure in the main clauses differs from that in the subclause. In the subclauses (in both cases here the last clause) the finite verb is in the last position.
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