A subordinate clause, or subclause, contains at least a subject and a finite verb. The finite verb in the subclause does not, however, occur in the second place as it does in a main clause. The verb in a subclause can be found in the last or penultimate place. That is also where any other verbs may be found.
Subclauses are introduced by subordinating conjunctions. If, in other words, you use a subordinating conjunction to link two clauses, the clause following the subordinating conjunction will be the subclause. In the examples below the finite verbs are highlighted, and the subordinating conjunctions are underlined.
The whole sentence (from capital letter at the beginning to full stop at the end) is one main clause. If you start a sentence with a subclause, as in the second example, the subclause takes up the first place in the sentence. That is also why you find the finite verb in the main clause (here: ga) directly after the comma. Ga takes up the second place in the main clause. This complies with the rules for word order in main clauses, where the finite verb is found in second place (see Sentence structure).
When a subclause takes up the first place in an entire sentence, a comma has to be placed between the two finite verbs (in the example above between heb and ga).
Note that the subclause in the following example cannot be used as an independent unit.
*Ik bijna elke dag college heb is not a grammatical sentence.
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